Category: Python traffic simulation

Python traffic simulation

Released: May 26, View statistics for this project via Libraries. Tags testing, example. This is an attempt to simulate a simple traffic light. You can specify how long you want each light show before it changes to the next light, as well as the number of cycles green to red or red to green light changes you want before the simulator stops running.

Certainly not necessary, but if you want to use a virtualenv just:. If you installed with pip, you have a script available to you to run the simulator. Simply enter into your terminal:. There are some tests that I wrote while writing the TrafficLight class, located in tests. If you want to run it simply run it with your interpreter. May 26, Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Warning Some features may not work without JavaScript. Please try enabling it if you encounter problems. Search PyPI Search. Latest version Released: May 26, A Traffic Light Simulator. Navigation Project description Release history Download files. Project links Homepage Download. Maintainers santeyio. Project description Project details Release history Download files Project description Traffic Light Simulator Goals This is an attempt to simulate a simple traffic light.

Running the simulator If you installed with pip, you have a script available to you to run the simulator. Running the tests There are some tests that I wrote while writing the TrafficLight class, located in tests. Project details Project links Homepage Download. Release history Release notifications This version. Download files Download the file for your platform.

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Files for traffic-light-simulator, version 0. Close Hashes for traffic-light-simulator File type Source. Python version None. Upload date May 26, Our purpose is to show how to do a variety of network related simulations involving random variables with Python.

All code has been tested with Python version 3. This tutorial will not cover theoretical aspects of probability, statistics, or queueing theory. For those interested in digging deeper or reviewing probability and queueing theory the following free resources are highly recommended and are listed in order of most advanced to most fundamental. Python makes it extremely easy to generate samples of a random number for simulation or other purposes.

The Python standard library includes a module random explicitly for this purpose. Code Fragment 1. Simple example of Python random number generation. The previous code should work in any Python 2. As a bit of a review, random number generators implemented via computer algorithms are not "truely" random but appear random as judged by a number of different criteria.

The underlying random number generator in the Python standard library is based on the very high quality Mersenne Twister algorithm. Which is very suitable for almost all types of simulations. What it is not suitable for is any cryptographic purpose! One of the best ways to look at a probability distribution is via a histogram. Matplotlib makes this very easy as the following two code snippets show.

Generate uniform random variables and plot histogram. Code Fragment 2. Generate Normal random variables and plot histogram. Although probability distributions can play a wide variety of roles in modeling and simulating networks we will focus on just two uses here. First we will use a probability distribution to model the time between packet arrivals, the inter-arrival time.

Second we will use a probability distribution to model the sizes of the packets sent. A notion closely related to the packet inter-arrival time is the count of the number of packets received by a certain time. In the fancy language of stochastic processes we would call the count of the number of packets received a counting process.

A point of potential confusion is that one can talk about packet arrivals either in terms of their inter-arrival time process or the counting process of the total number of packet arrivals by a given time. For example to enable analytical analysis of the buffer backlog at the output of a packet switch one utilizes a Poisson process to model the packet arrival count. A Poisson process is a counting process that has exponentially distributed inter-arrival times.

In discrete event simulations we must compute the time until the next "event" hence we will always work with inter-arrival time distributions. Hence to generate Poisson process packet arrivals we will use an exponentially distributed random number generator and not a Poisson distributed random variable!By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I have a traffic simulation and I don't understand how I can plot the fundamental diagram flow rate vs density. I simulate the traffic as follows:. I have a matrix that has as many columns as the the road length, and rows as time steps. Every car is represented by 1 in the matrix.

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I have lists to keep track of the index and speed of a car. I loop over N time steps so that the traffic evolves over time according to some rules. I have looked at wikipedia and tried to find something online to help me but no luck so far in understanding it.

How do I derive the data in order to plot the fundamental diagram? This list is produced with every time step. What should I do in order to generate the fundamental plot?

If by fundamental plot of traffic flow you mean this diagram:. You can create these easily using Matplotlib. Learn more. Plotting the fundamental diagram of traffic flow Ask Question. Asked 4 years, 1 month ago. Active 2 years, 9 months ago. Viewed times. I simulate the traffic as follows: I have a matrix that has as many columns as the the road length, and rows as time steps.

Traffic Simulation

My nested list where the first index is the position of the car and the second is its speed: carIS[[0, 2], [1, 0], [2, 0], [3, 0], [4, 0], [6, 1], [7, 0], [9, 1], [10, 0], [11, 0], [12, 0], [13, 0], [16, 2], [19, 0], [20, 0], [22, 1], [24, 0], [26, 1], [28, 0], [30, 1], [31, 0], [32, 0], [33, 0], [34, 0], [35, 0], [36, 0], [39, 2], [40, 0], [41, 0], [42, 0], [43, 0], [44, 0], [45, 0], [46, 0], [47, 0]] This list is produced with every time step.

Lebowski Lebowski 1 1 silver badge 7 7 bronze badges. Is it a question of how you technically display the plots or how you derive the data for the plots? Please be more precise.

python traffic simulation

If you could give an example for the data, that would be of great help as well. As long as you don't know what data you have stored inside your list, you won't be able to plot anything. Understand the problem first, go back the literature and get a solid understanding of what you have simulated. You see where I am going with this? Active Oldest Votes.This page shows how to use the Traffic simulator.

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To run it, you'll need Python 3. You can download and install the latest Python interpreter here.

python traffic simulation

Note: depending on your system, the [3] at the end of the python command may or may not be needed. Windows systems do not come with Python, so unless you have installed it before, the "3" is not needed. The script models a microscopic approach to the traffic simulation. The simulation is composed of small entities representing cars. Each "car" a has a velocity v and a position x. The position and velocity of each cars varies in each step of time t. The first rule sets the maximum speed of each vehicle just as every road, street, avenue and highway has a speed limit.

The second rule applies the collision probability p c. That is, with a given probability set by the user a car may not preserve its security distance with the next car, and they collide. If two cars collide, neither of them moves during a stablished amount of time in the program, is set to 5 iterations. The third rule applies the braking probability p b. That is, with a given probability set by the user a car may decrease its velocity instead of increase it just as you de-accelerate when you see traffic ahead, or when you're about to turn around a corner.

The fourth and final rule just updates the position of each car you advance a number of cells equal to the velocity you currently has.

Using just this four simple rules, the model is able to show interesting behaviors as showed in the next section. You can download the full script here. Feel free to examine, modify and re-distribute the code, but do not forget to cite the original source! Traffic Simulation A simple traffic simulation in Python.

python traffic simulation

The help of the program. What is this? Once installed, run the program by typing the following command: python[3] traffic.LGSVL Simulator exposes runtime functionality to a Python API which you can use to manipulate object placement and vehicle movement in a loaded scene, retrieve sensor configuration and data, control weather, time state, and more.

The interface to listen for incoming API calls is defined in config. Now launch the simulator either binary. Simulator by default listens for connections on port on localhost. After the default maps and vehicles have been downloaded, navigate to the Simulations tab. Create a new Simulation. Give it a name and check the API Only option. Click Submit.

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This will load the BorregasAve. The Simulator and API communicate by sending json over a websocket server running on port. The API client can be either on the same machine or any other machine on the same network.

Vehicles and Pedestrian are a subclasses of Agent which has common properties like transform, position, and velocity. All coordinates in the API return values in the Unity coordinate system. This coordinate system uses meters as a unit of distance and is a left-handed coordinate system - x points left, z points forward, and y points up.

You can specify a different address as hostname or IP address. By default only port is used for API connection. Only one client can be connected to simulator at a time.

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Scene is a string representing the name of the Map in the Web UI. Currently available scenes:. Seed optional is an Integer -2, - 2, that determines the "random" behavior of the NPC vehicles and rain effects. Once a scene is loaded you can instantiate agents and run simulations.

See the Agents section on how to create vehicles and pedestrians.

python traffic simulation

Loading scenes takes a while, to reset a scene to the initial state without reloading it call the reset method:. After setting up the scene in a desired state you can start advancing time. During python code execution time is stopped in the simulator. To run the simulator in realtime, call the run method:. The default value of 0 will run infinitely.

The simulator can be run at faster-than-realtime speeds depending on the performance of the computer running the simulator. In the above example, if the computer is fast enough the run call will finish in 3 seconds 6 divided by 2but 6 virtual seconds of data would be generated.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here.

Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I am trying to run this code in python and I want the code to stop looping when the user enters 30, here I have used break to stop the loop, is there any other way? Any suggestion would be helpful. Hm I'm not quite sure what you actually want to achieve. Your version does not loop since the break statement will always be met after the first iteration.

Additionally, you only ask for user input once before the loop actually starts. Here is what I suppose you want to do, so I moved the user input part inside the loop and added the break condition to the pythonic "switch" statement. This will just ask the user for input for as long as he doesn't enter In this, I am utilizing a condition in the while loop.

The condition is for the loop to iterate the user value until it becomes The reason for this is because of your condition in the Red light line. I explained this further in the Problem 2 below. This portion doesn't properly handle negative numbers and numbers greater than So, you definitely have to think about what the purpose of this is.

Check out the following code that constantly loops until the value is greater than 30 :. The reason why I scripted to loop until the value is greater than 30 is because of the following lines in your code:. If you wanted the loop to break only when the user inputs 30then those lines of code above works against that theory.

Hitting the gym: controlling traffic with Reinforcement Learning - Steven Nooijen

You should also look into this flaw of your logic. Learn more. Traffic light program using while loop in python Ask Question. Asked 2 years, 3 months ago. Active 2 years, 3 months ago.

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Viewed 5k times. Anupriya Krishnamoorthy Anupriya Krishnamoorthy 23 1 1 silver badge 5 5 bronze badges. Your code does not loop. If the user inputs a number, the code finds the appropriate condition, prints, breaks, and ends.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Sim Traffic Official Website

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EDIT: Is it forbidden to get new ideas from good programmers? Why do some people want to close this thread? Or were to ask such questions? I dont understand them. There is a Java-based package called processing that is targetted at artists and non- or beginner-programmers that includes some very nice visualization features, while presenting a simplified development environment no "public static void main String[] args ", for instance.

Look at the demos that show particle systems to get an idea on how to model your individual cars. There is a Python rendition of this code call pyprocessing that follows much of the same simple programming idiom. Here is my little "tesla" applet - move the mouse between the two spherical electrodes. You don't tell a car where to go. It goes anyway due to its velocity. By looking ahead where will it be a few timesteps from now, and is there still a road? And a road isn't an array; it's a matrix or bitmap.

You can't go all that fast in the corner or you'll fly from the road. It's always a good idea to clearly formulate the goals and scope first. In this case, you would be thinking about the extent of the modeling the physics involved and the complexity of the car movements collisions, following bend roads, and so on.

I find that if you can state your concept clearly in plain English or Dutch in my casewriting the code becomes much easier, almost trivial sometimes. For clarity, when I'm talking about velocity I'm talking about a vector, which has both magnitude 10MPH and direction.

Your vectors would have 2 elements, x and yunless you also want airplanes, or want to model hills and such you don't want hills 'cause you'd also have to take gravity into account: where a z position and velocity are used.

Based in this information and, relative position of the other cars and eventually the presence of "road signs", you can calculate the next position of each car and if the car will be slowing down or accelerating. You'll also need to consider collision detection, not necessarily collisions between cars themselves but you'll need a way of telling the agents the AI when it's appropriate to brake when in the vicinity of of other vehicles.

You could do this with bounding spheres around each car. I encourage you to use my own project for this. It's called GarlicSimit's a platform for making simulations, and it will work great for the kind of simulation you have in mind.

Incidentally, just yesterday I made a big release, version 0. If you'll be serious about it, I could help you write your simpack. If you want to do it, send a mail on the mailing list.

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The theory behind the simulator is Queing Theory. Simulator itself will be "easier". You can do it as much as simple as a one dimensional cellular automata in discrete time or as complex as a full fledged physical system you can model even the chemical reactions in the engine! In between, there are lots of possibilities.

Author: Kagajar

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